The name Indonesia in the international arena as a country producing the best spices is not a myth or mere sobbing. History records throughout the 16th and 17th centuries the exoticism of the archipelago as a spice heaven invites the attraction of western nations to utilize Indonesian spices, especially in Maluku. Spices were a superior commodity at that time with superior spices namely nutmeg, cloves, pepper wood, sweet, pepper and ginger. Besides being used as a natural health ingredient, spices are also known as the main ingredients for cooking ingredients.
Spices are currently included in the category of 10 potential export products and are among other potential commodities namely Leather, and leather products; Jewelry; medical equipment, medicinal plants; Processed Food; Essential Oils, Fish and Fishery Products; Craft; and office equipment according to the Ministry of trade. The potential of spices as a promising commodity is supported by the large export market in several countries in Europe and Asia.
One of the Exports of Local Products, namely spices. Spices are parts of plants that originate from leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, fruit peels, stems, bark, tubers or roots that give a very specific aroma and can be used as flavorings in foods or drinks that stimulate the release of enzymes to facilitate digestion. In the industrial sector, spices can also be used as raw materials for the pharmaceutical industry, traditional medicines / herbs and cosmetics.
In trade, spices have a fairly broad market segment with various types of products according to their use, among others, when their use as cooking ingredients is usually used in fresh or dry form, for the food or beverage industry, it is preferred as oleoresin, to exports are usually preserved in dry form. International spice prices fluctuate greatly depending on the quality of the spices.
The Ministry of Agriculture as a responsible government institution and at the same time becoming the end of Indonesian agriculture has sought to strengthen the National Spice with international competitiveness to realize increased production and productivity of advanced plantation crops as set out in the 2015-2019 plantation development program. Through the Directorate General of Plantations and some of its sub-directorates, including the Directorate of Plantation Hatcheries, the Directorate of Annual Crops and Spices, the Directorate of Annual Crops and Fresheners, the Directorate of Plantation Protection and the Directorate of Plantation Product Processing and Marketing are expected to be able to answer domestic problems with based on production and productivity, product and product rights and efforts to implement appropriate technology to support the government’s plans regarding the Industrial Revolution.